Kashgar

 

Kashgar is sited west of the Taklamakan desert at the feet of the Tian Shan mountain range.
Situated at the junction of routes from the valley of the Oxus, from Khokand and Samarkand, Almati, Aksu, and Khotan, the last two leading from China and India, Kashgar has been noted from very early times as a political and commercial centre. There are few Chinese here, the population is mostly Uighur with Tajik, Kyrgyz and Uzbek minorities. 

In ancient times Kashgar was a strategically important crossroads where the northern and southern routes of the silk road going around the Taklamakan desert to the east, met with the northern and southern routes towards the west. The city has a very important Sunday market. Thousands of farmers pour in from the surrounding fertile lands with an amazing variety of superb fruit and vegetables. Kashgar's livestock market is also very lively.


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