|Electric power transmission, or more accurately Electrical energy
transmission, is the second process in the delivery of electricity to
consumers. Electrical energy is generated by power plants and is then sold
as a commodity to end consumers by retailers. The electric energy
transmission and electricity distribution networks allow the delivery of the
generated electricity to consumers. The rapid industrialization in the 20th
century made electrical transmission lines and grids a critical part of the
economic infrastructure in most industrialized nations.
grid allows large generation facilities such as hydroelectric dams, fossil
fuel plants, nuclear power plants, etc. run by large public and private
utility organizations to produce large quantities of energy and then deliver
it to distribution networks for delivery to retail customers for
Electricity is usually sent over long distance through a combination of
overhead power transmission lines or buried cables.